© HJ Ruiz – Avian101
© HJ Ruiz – Avian101
The following photo sequence was shot during my last trip to Peru. One day I wandered around a swampy area and muddy marshes. I knew that these areas give refuge and are preferred habitats for not only local birds but migratory also.
Of course I saw all kinds of species, but in this case I will tell you about a little Black-necked Stilt the I found at the edge of a drying marsh.
Marshes usually begin to dry out at the beginning of Summer in the Peruvian coast.
The region of the Pacific Coast of Peru, from the tip to the bottom of the geographical territory is mostly deserts. Thousands of square miles with absolutely no water, some deserts haven’t had rain in over a century.
Well, this little bird looked lost and kept calling and calling and walking with no intended direction. I followed him for a while. The call of the Black-necked Stilt sounds like a puppy dog’s barking. After a while I heard more barking at the other side of the marsh! There I saw three other barking birds, not long after that the lost bird was reunited with his family. It was a great moment, I remember it because I could see this little bird poignant effort to run across and meet his family.
Text and photographs © H.J. Ruiz – Avian 101
The Black-necked Stilt – Latin name: Himantopus mexicanus is a locally abundant shorebird of American wetlands and coastlines. It is found from the coastal areas of California through much of the interior western United States and along the Gulf of Mexico as far east as Florida, then south through Central America and the Caribbean to northwest Brazil southwest Peru,east Ecuador and the Galápagos Islands. The northernmost populations, particularly those from inland, are migratory, wintering from the extreme south of the United States to southern Mexico, rarely as far south as Costa Rica; on the Baja California peninsula it is only found regularly in winter.
Adults have long pink legs and a long thin black bill. They are white below and have black wings and backs. The tail is white with some grey banding. A continuous area of black extends from the back along the hind-neck to the head. There, it forms a cap covering the entire head from the top to just below eye-level, with the exception of the areas surrounding the bill and a small white spot above the eye. Males have a greenish gloss to the back and wings, particularly in the breeding season. This is less pronounced or absent in females, which have a brown tinge to these areas instead. Otherwise, the sexes look alike.
Downy young are light olive brown with lengthwise rows of black speckles (larger on the back) on the upper-parts – essentially where adults are black – and dull white elsewhere, with some dark barring on the flanks.
Where their ranges meet in central Brazil, the Black-necked and White-backed stilts intergrade. Such individuals often have some white or grey on top of the head and a white or grey collar separating the black of the hindneck from that of the upper back.
The Black-necked Stilt is distinguished from non-breeding vagrants of the Old World Black-winged Stilt by the white spot above the eye. Vagrants of the northern American form in turn is hard to tell apart from the resident Hawaiian Stilt, in which only the eye-spot is markedly smaller. But though many stilt populations are long-distance migrants and during their movements can be found hundreds of miles offshore, actual trans-oceanic vagrants are nonetheless a rare occurrence.
The Black-necked Stilt is found in estuarine, lacustrine, salt pond and emergent wetland habitats; it is generally a lowland bird but in Central America has been found up to 8,200 ft (2,500 m) ASL and commonly seen in llanos habitat in northern South America.
NOTE: The Black-necked Stilt is a new addition to my Bird List as: # 164
Text excerpts © Wikipedia – All photographs © H.J. Ruiz – Avian 101